|January 17||Connor Tayon|
|March 27||Jake Svendsen|
|April 17||Cello Studio|
|April 24||Tenor Bass Choir|
WSU students, faculty and staff have the opportunity to help WSU Libraries prioritize future computing needs by completing a brief survey on technology improvements. The survey closes on Friday, Feb. 7.
“We want feedback from users of public computers and technology in the libraries to inform what our proposal will be to the Student Technology Fee (STF) Committee in March,” said Jason Anderson of the WSU Libraries’ systems department.
Past STF funding has supported computers, huddle stations, Microsoft Surface hubs in Terrell Library’s Palouse Study Lounge, virtual reality technology, 3D photogrammetry and an audio lab, among other improvements.
The survey seeks input on what computing projects Holland Library’s Dimensions Lab and WSU Libraries might prioritize and allows space for new proposals. These include the following:
- To create an electronics prototyping lab in the Dimensions Lab to enable students to work on projects that utilize micro-controllers/Arduinos and inexpensive computers/Raspberry Pis. This could include building music instruments, controllers, LED lighting and devices that respond to physical and environmental activity. Students would have access to solder stations, test equipment, tools, standard components, workbenches and computers.
- To purchase new public computers for the WSU Libraries (Holland and Terrell, Owen Science and Engineering, and Animal Health). Most of the libraries’ public computers are more than 10 years old and are slow. In 2019, most of the older computers had their hard drives replaced by SSD drives to make slight improvements to speed.
- To acquire new virtual reality (VR) systems in the Dimensions Lab with new Vive Pro systems and custom gaming PCs to enable them. VR systems have evolved immensely since WSU Libraries first acquired the Oculus in 2016. The resolution and refresh rate have increased to the point where motion sickness is less of a factor, and faster graphics cards enable more fluid user interaction.
- Submit your own idea.
For more information about the survey, contact Anderson at 335-5713 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
The cultural and multigenerational effects of Indian boarding schools on one family’s history is the subject of a new exhibit in WSU’s Manuscripts, Archives and Special Collections. The exhibit runs through mid-March.
The exhibit is curated by Robbie Paul, retired director of WSU Native American health sciences in Spokane. Paul documents three generations of the Paul family and their experiences in Indian boarding schools beginning in 1880 with her grandfather, Jesse.
Just one aspect of trauma
The boarding schools were not the first places where cultural trauma to her family occurred. Paul also chronicles the early history of her great-great-grandfather, Chief Ut-Sin-Malikan, the first to see the loss of the old Native American ways and of Nez Perce identity in his lifetime. Her great-grandfather, Wa-Tat-Ooy-Napt-Lah-Hayne, and his family were in the Nez Perce War of 1877. In the Battle of Big Hole on Aug. 9, 1877, Wa-Tat-Ooy-Napt-Lah-Hayne and his wife, Um-Al-Wat, lost two of their six children. Wa-Tat-Ooy-Napt-Lah-Hayne and three more children died during and after the forced march to Indian Territory in Oklahoma.
Um-Al-Wat’s only surviving child, Ka-Khun-Nee, was selected to go to Carlisle Indian Boarding School in Pennsylvania at age 10. There, he was stripped of his buckskins, his hair was cut short and he was given a bath with lye soap and a stiff wool uniform. He was also given a Christian name, Jesse Paul, chosen from a list of Christian names. For the next eight years, until July of 1888 when he graduated from Carlisle, Jesse was immersed in white culture while still retaining his knowledge of Nez Perce language.
Living the trauma in the present day
Robbie Paul said she often felt an uneasiness near the anniversary dates of her family’s past traumas. On Feb. 20, 1993, the day in 1880 when Jesse arrived at Carlisle Indian Boarding School, Paul was at a Spokane conference on suicide prevention for Native Americans. During a showing of a documentary on Carlisle called “In the White Man’s Image,” she learned of the details of the children’s introduction to boarding school life.
“It made me sick to my stomach,” Paul said. “I had to run out of the conference.”
She discovered other details of Jesse’s life and that of his mother, Um-Al-Wat. To keep her son connected to his Native American identity, she sent her son to boarding school with a medicine bag. Paul wondered how Jesse’s mother let go of her remaining child to make his way at Carlisle.
“She sent him with love to learn what he could to bring back help to his Nez Perce people,” she said. “Jesse had to have spiritual strength to survive.”
Healing cultural wounds through storytelling
In June 1967, Paul went to Haskell Indian Junior College in Lawrence, Kansas, for the summer, which was run in much the same way as her ancestors’ boarding schools. She attended classes but was also assigned work, such as cleaning the floors of the student union building.
“The Indian policy was still to assimilate the Indian into dominant society,” Paul said. “Those experiences helped me to relate to the experiences of my ancestors.”
Paul found that learning about the experiences of her family helped heal the wounds of the past. Telling their story “is the healing journey,” she said.
So is forming a truth reconciliation commission around Indian boarding schools and their practice of erasing Native American culture from their students. People are still dealing with the effects of this practice in the present.
“Healing isn’t going to begin until the truth is spoken,” Paul said. “We need to acknowledge that the damage happened. It was harmful to multiple generations.”
— Story by Nella Letizia
Need a break? Holland and Terrell Libraries now offer board games for checkout. To get started and to see what games are available, visit the library guide online. Then stop by the Terrell Library circulation desk on the first floor with a WSU ID card.
Categories include strategy, games with friends, card games, and word and trivia games. Patrons can check out games for seven days with one renewal allowed.
Library and Archives Paraprofessionals Steve Overfelt and Amy Thielen patterned the lending program after a similar one at Oregon State University, although quite a few schools in the country offer board games through their libraries, Overfelt said.
“We hope that coming to Holland and Terrell Libraries for board gaming will become a great way to spend a weekend break,” Overfelt said.
All the games in the collection were donated by WSU Libraries’ faculty and staff, and more donations for new or kindly used games will gladly be accepted. To donate, contact Overfelt at email@example.com or Thielen at firstname.lastname@example.org.
WSU students have a chance to learn about many aspects of Pacific Northwest history through their work on the Kimble Northwest History Database, a compilation of roughly 300,000 newspaper clippings collected and organized in the late 1930s by the Works Progress Administration to document life in the Pacific Northwest from 1900-1938. Subjects include Bonneville and Grand Coulee Dams, mining, Native Americans, government and much more.
WSU alumni Wallis and Marilyn Kimble provided a seed gift in 2001 to begin digitizing the clippings. Since then and with more support from the Kimbles, library staff and student employees have scanned clippings, indexed entries and entered description terms so researchers and others can search the database for specific articles.
In September 2017, Marilyn Kimble contributed additional funds so more students can be hired to work on the database and other digitization initiatives with new equipment that will speed projects along. In addition, her recent gift supported the refurbishment and establishment of a new Kimble Digitization Center. A grand opening and ribbon cutting for the center are planned at 2 p.m. Friday, Oct. 18, in the Terrell Library Atrium.
“It will mean that even more of the database will be available to the public,” Kimble said. “The Northwest History Database has been well used. It is gratifying to see the monetary contributions used to great potential and far exceeds what we envisioned when my husband and I first committed funds to this project.”
The database is also important to Kimble because of its impact on WSU students who have worked on the project. They relate how it improves their own understanding of the history of the 1900s-1930s on so many subjects, she said.
“They often find they can use information they glean from the database in doing papers for their course work,” Kimble added. “The work is flexible so students can set their own schedules, which is important to their own studies. The aspect of what it means to the student workers has been very rewarding to me and one not anticipated in the beginning stages of the project.”
“It’s really neat that Marilyn Kimble is entrusting us to help preserve this history,” said former student worker Liz Cairns. “It’s an honor in a way that I got to do that. The fact that she wants students to do the work is really special.”
Much of Kimble’s desire to provide opportunities for student workers in the library stems from her own experience of working in Holland Library in the early 1960s as a student herself, which she said “brought much self-satisfaction.” At that time, though, the idea of working on an online database did not exist.
“No one had the understanding of what future technological changes would mean to a library, but technology has broadened the world, and the access individuals now have to material is astounding,” Kimble said. “I hope our changing world never sees the demise of a brick-and-mortar library, as I find the library is still a public gathering place and offers to all a secure location to access information.”
—Story by Nella Letizia
Peregrine falcons, the fastest birds in the world, can reach speeds of up to 240 miles per hour while diving. Third‑year Washington State University veterinary student and wildlife artist Charlie Kittridge drew the bird of prey in October 2017 as a tribute to its impressive qualities.
“I admire their speed, precision and power,” he said. “Animals are my favorite subjects. I get to know them in a deeper way through art.”
The peregrine falcon drawing and more of Kittridge’s artworks will be on display through December at the Animal Health Library, part of the WSU Libraries’ “Art in the Library” program. An opening reception will take place from 4–6 p.m. Friday, Sept. 20, at the Animal Health Library in Wegner Hall 170.
The twice‑yearly “Art in the Library” exhibit features animal-themed works, typically from artists with a connection to the WSU College of Veterinary Medicine. For more information, visit the WSU Veterinary Medicine website.
A native of Duvall, Wash., Kittridge said he has been drawing and making art since he was 4 or 5 years old, “watching Bob Ross on PBS.” He started taking art more seriously in college at Gonzaga University, where he graduated in 2017 with a biology degree and an art minor.
Asked what his hopes are for visitors to the “Art in the Library” exhibit, Kittridge said, “I hope that they get some kind of deeper representation of the animals, things like power or stealth, traits that those animals have that might not be evident from a still image. It could be something I hadn’t thought of. I leave that up to the viewer.”
(Most Fridays from 12:15 – 1:00pm)
WSU Libraries’ Atrium Music is an informal series of free concerts in the Terrell Library Atrium. Drop in for all or any part of the concert as your schedule allows!
|October 25||Sarah Willhoite, Flute|
|November 1||Saxophone Studio Recital|
|November 8||MTNA Flutes|
|November 15||Low Brass Studio Recital|
|November 22||Piano Studio Recital|
Limited seating is available on the atrium ground level; reasonable accommodations are provided upon request with adequate prior notification.
Part two of a two-part series describes changes in the WSU Libraries over 25 years. Part one covered the history of Terrell Library.
About the time Terrell Library was being constructed in the early 1990s, the Washington State University Libraries as a whole had yet to launch a website. Today, the libraries’ website, which recently underwent a makeover, gets more than 1.3 million page views a year and averages more than 3,600 a day.
This is just one of the many ways WSU Libraries have changed over the past 25 years. The rapid pace of technology and the internet have transformed the libraries like many other areas within the university. What follows is a sampling of the libraries’ evolution since 1994, when construction on Terrell Library was completed.
To commemorate Terrell Library’s 25th year, WSU Libraries is holding an anniversary celebration from 2-3 p.m. Friday, Aug. 30, at the Terrell outdoor plaza. Speakers are WSU President Kirk Schulz; WSU Libraries Dean Jay Starratt; WSU School of Design and Construction Associate Professor Phil Gruen; and retired Managing Principal Architect Stephen Hindley of ALSC Architects in Spokane and a WSU alum. Refreshments, including Ferdinand’s grabbers, will be served.
On the technical side
Twenty-five years ago, the WSU Libraries had yet to start digitizing unique and local digital content, according to Alex Merrill, head of systems and technical operations.
“Now the libraries manages more than 300,000 pieces of unique and local digital content ranging from photos and documents to 3-D models and rich-media presentations, which receive more than 30,000 page views a month,” he said.
In 1994, the libraries’ spaces were predominantly set up to accommodate students studying solo, Merrill said. Today, the libraries have adapted spaces to keep up with changing pedagogy and practice and offer more than 30 spaces that can be reserved online, designed to accommodate study and collaboration groups.
“So far in 2019, these spaces have all been occupied the equivalent of 1,000 days,” he said.
WSU Libraries shared an online catalog, called Griffin, of primarily print materials with the Eastern Washington University Libraries 25 years ago, Merrill said. This only searched a subset of items held at both institutions, less than two million records.
“Today, WSU Libraries’ users can search through more than 300 million items from libraries and publishers around the world,” he said.
In the early 1990s, WSU Libraries were part of the six-member Cascade consortium, and the closest lending relationships were with the University of Idaho and EWU, Merrill said. Now the libraries are part of the Orbis Cascade Alliance along with 37 member institutions in Oregon, Washington and Idaho. The WSU Libraries share more than 250,000 items a year and serve more than 275,000 students.
On the public services side
Reference service was offered in person, by phone and by postal mail 25 years ago, said Associate Dean Beth Blakesley. Email reference was just catching on in some places in 1994. Today, WSU Libraries offer reference service 24/7 through chat technology and consortial arrangements, in addition to in person, phone and email.
In 1994, librarians offering instruction to users spent a good deal of time on mechanics, Blakesley said. The “world wide web” had just emerged, and CD-ROM databases were converting to online.
“Library employees did a lot of typing, and we had just begun moving toward word processing,” said Access Services Manager Sue Shipman. “Many library employees shared typewriters and even a computer. The internet was very new, and we were only starting to use it for anything.”
“Computer skills weren’t as ubiquitous, and we spent a lot of effort teaching people how to navigate systems and how to interpret the results, in addition to search strategies and research methods,” Blakesley said. “As people became computer literate, library instruction transformed into information literacy instruction, shifting the focus toward search strategies, source evaluation and other higher-level concerns, like ethical use of information.”
Many people did not yet have a personal desktop computer, much less a laptop, in 1994, Blakesley said.
“Tablets, smart phones, and other mobile devices—and our need to design our tools to display correctly on them—were in the future,” she said. “Public computers were in great demand, since no one had a computer with them.”
Twenty-five years ago, people may have been searching indexes online, but there was still the need to locate the sources in paper formats, Blakesley said. The last couple of decades have seen an explosion in the amount of content that is now available digitally.
“Library instruction and reference service in the days before the ‘Find It’ button also included helping people figure out how to take database results and efficiently search the catalog for location information,” she said.
Although the majority of journals are now online, this wasn’t always the case. In 1994, as Shipman recalled, most journals arrived in paper format and underwent a lengthy physical check-in process. The Current Journals room, which now also houses the library instruction classroom, video collections, huddle stations and furniture for group study, used to contain only shelving with print magazines, journals and newspapers.
In 1994, many academic libraries like WSU Libraries still had their card catalogs intact, as online catalogs did not yet include all older materials, Blakesley said.
“Today, discovery systems like WSU’s Search It offer access to a wide array of resources, not only books, but also articles,” she said. “Many items are available online in full-text formats with another click.”
People were just learning how to download search results to their floppy disks 25 years ago, Blakesley said. Flash drives weren’t introduced until 2000.
“Printers got a workout with people printing out catalog information, such as call numbers and locations,” she said. “Now people can send information from the library website to their phone and go find a book.”
Other library changes
The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) keeps statistics on academic libraries around the country. A comparison of ARL figures for WSU Libraries 25 years ago to the present follows:
- In 1994, the libraries held 1,757,256 volumes system wide. As of 2018, they have 3,156,906 volumes.
- The libraries spent $653,267 on monographs in 1994. Currently, they spend $629,642 on books.
- In 1994, the libraries spent $2,433,573 on journal subscriptions, mostly printed. Today, they spend $6,166,987 on journal subscriptions, virtually all electronic.
- The libraries spent $95,366 on commercial binding for print journal issues in 1994. Today, they have $8,250 budgeted for commercial binding this fiscal year.
- In 1994, the libraries had 137 staff members across the WSU system. They currently have 109.
- The libraries served 16,497 undergraduate students and 2,034 graduate students in 1994. In 2018, they supported 25,851 undergraduate and 3,685 graduate students.
Support the next 25 years of Terrell Library by making a donation to the Glenn Terrell Endowment for Excellence in Student Services. Your gift will help provide crucial funding in a number of areas, including the acquisition of cutting-edge technology; design and implementation of collaborative learning spaces; and access to a rich array of electronic and print resources.
‘Jam packed in Holland’Mary Gilles, retired business and economics librarian, remembers well how it was before Terrell Library was built. In the late 1980s, Holland Library housed not only books and periodicals, but also several library divisions and reference librarians. Cubicles were made of Masonite pegboard, offering little to no sound absorption. Three computers were shared among 13 librarians and staff. “We were all jam packed in Holland,” Gilles said. “It was noisy, and there was no privacy.” An independent library building consultant in 1987 concluded that the WSU library facilities were inadequate. Built in 1950, Holland Library no longer met current needs for seating, work and study spaces, storage, and modern computers and other related digital technology. The consultant recommended that 150,000 square feet of new space be added and that Holland Library be renovated. WSU initiated the Holland Library Addition and Renovation Project in 1988, a plan to construct a new building and then renovate and remodel Holland Library. But the Holland renovation never took place.
“We were all jam packed in Holland…It was noisy, and there was no privacy.” —Mary Gilles, retired business and economics librarian